Kindergarten Ready

So a question that a lot of my friends have brought up is what does __________ (insert child’s name) need to know to be ready for kindergarten? There are a lot of resources online that sometimes disagree with each other.  What you need to know is that kindergarten is not the same as it was in the past.  Kids are expected to come in with more skills and knowledge and work for longer periods of time doing “seat work.”  I have a personal gripe with our current educational system that I will reserve for another post in full detail, but just so you know I don’t 100% agree with how and what I’m about to put out here for you (I promise I’ll explain later).  I have broken up what kids need to be able to do into a handy chart  (I love charts and use them for everything, including organizing my pantry).

Please remember that all kids are different.  Their brains are developing different sets of skills in different periods of time.  Maybe your friend’s child knows all their letters and sounds at 2.  That’s great, but I bet that there are other things that your child does way better too.  If your child takes a little longer IT IS OKAY.  They will learn to read or write or do math.  They will be fine as long as they know they are loved and that they have things that they are good at. So don’t always focus on areas that your child struggles with, instead challenge them in areas that they are good as well. If you do an activity and your child loves it keep presenting activities in that subject area, continually challenging them to improve on this area.  If your child has no interest or struggles to complete an activity, move on to something else and come back to it in a few weeks or months.


  Reading and Writing Math Science Social Studies/ Skills Physical Art/ Music
Skills 1. Recognize letters in print and not in order.

2. Recognize letters in words and know the letters of their name

3. Hold a pencil

4. Write first name

5. Listen with interest to stories

6. Sequence events when telling about something

7. Copy different shapes

8. Uses pictures to communicate ideas

9. Sequence pictures to tell a story

10. Retell information from a story

11. Scribbles with pencil to “write”

12. Orient a book and know   direction text follows

13. Rhyme words

1. Counting items to 20

2. Sorting by: color,   shape, and size

3. Recognize simple   patterns and duplicate them


1. Similarities

2. Differences

3. Opposites

4. Ask questions

5. Common kindergarten   science curriculum works on observation through senses to explore themes such as:   “world around us” including topics like: living vs non-living, life cycles, etc. so exposure this type of thinking is useful prior to kindergarten

1. Accept being told no

2. Wait turn

3. Work independently on a   project

4. Follow multiple step   directions given verbally

5. Tell OTHER people needs

6. Play well with other children

7. Clean up after playing

1. Take care of themselves   personally (put on clothes, zipper, shoe laces, etc.)

2.Walk in a straight line

3. Throw a ball

4. Run, jump, hop on 1 foot

5. Stack small blocks

6. String beads


1. Holding a crayon/ pencil

2. Coloring

3. Cutting

4. Gluing/ pasting

5. Make different shapes   out of play dough

6. Sing simple songs




Knowledge 1. Recite alphabet

2. Know letters in print

3. Recognize own printed name

4. Identify letter with sounds (some schools)

5. Vocabulary!!

1. Recite numbers to at   least 30

2. Know numbers through 10 in print

3. Know numbers that come before and after a named one to 20 (some schools)

1. Seasons

2. Vocabulary


1.  Personal Information: Name, address, phone   number, parents names

2. Vocabulary: days,   months, etc.

1. Basic body parts 1. Colors

2. Shapes


The sources I used include:,,, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Kindergarten